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How Does Cannabis Impact Women’s Fertility And Ovulation?

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Cannabis-consuming women in child bearing age may be concerned about the impact of their habits. Everything we put into our body can increase or decrease our chances of conceiving a baby. However, age is the most important factor that determines a woman’s fertility; all females are born with a finite number of eggs, and the quality and quantity of those eggs will both reduce with age.

Other factors also include genetics, hormones, medical history, and lifestyle. Women who are overweight or underweight, have irregular sleeping patterns, consume alcohol and smoke tobacco typically have a reduced chance of conceiving especially above the age of 35. But what about cannabis?

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Marijuana is the most widely used recreational drug especially among adults of child-bearing age. Additionally, cannabidiol (CBD) products are also widely used among women of all ages especially for treating several conditions affecting the reproductive system.

Studies and Polls Indicate How Cannabis Affects Fertility

2018 poll of women in the United States and Canada was conducted by researchers at the Boston University School of Public Health. The results, which were shared in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, was the first study to analyze any associations between conception probability and cannabis consumption.

More than 4,000 (4,194) women aged of 21 to 45 participated in the Pregnancy Study Online (PRESTO), which was focused on women who were in stable heterosexual relationships, not using any fertility treatment or contraception. The women were also given the choice to invite their male partners for the poll.

The results showed that from 2013 through 2017, some 12% of female subjects and 14% of the males admitted to using marijuana two months before answering the PRESTO survey. They engaged in 12 follow-up cycles, after which it was found that the probability for conception was similar among the heterosexual couples who consumed marijuana as well as those that didn’t.

“Given the increasing number of states legalizing recreational marijuana across the nation, we thought it was an opportune time to investigate the association between marijuana use and fertility,” explains Lauren Wise, the study’s lead author and a Boston University professor of epidemiology.

Other studies show that CBD may help women who struggle with hormonal imbalances. Several hormonal abnormalities decrease the chances of ovulation and can interrupt it, making pregnancy unlikely and even impossible.

Hormonal imbalances can be tricky to treat. Oftentimes it presents in cysts and may require the use of surgery, lifestyle changes, and medication — many times two or more treatment methods, just to be successful.

smoking marijuana
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But a study has shown that consuming CBD can be beneficial in regulating secretion of cortisol, a stress hormone. High levels of cortisol in the body can affect other hormones such as sex hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormones. Because of this, any method that is effective in reducing cortisol is beneficial for supporting overall hormone balance. On top of that, CBD is rich in omega fatty acids as well as gamma linolenic acid, which help stabilize hormones.

RELATED: Reality Check: Does Using Cannabis Damage Your Fertility?

Another study from 2017 analyzed the impact of cannabinoids on endometriosis. “Pain management for patients with endometriosis needs to be more effective, target the hormonal and immunologic environment, downregulate proliferation while enhancing apoptosis, and normalize the invasive mechanisms and neuroangiogenesis processes. ECS  (endocannabinoid system) modulation appears to be a good therapeutic strategy by potentially combining all these factors,” concluded the study authors.

Excess estrogen production in a woman’s body can result in numerous fertility issues. High estrogen levels are linked to ovarian cancer, endometriosis, insulin resistance, irregular periods, and difficulty conceiving. Estrogen is produced within the varies, and other enzymes within the body also help control production and metabolize it.

RELATED: Does Using Cannabis Decrease Your Sperm Count?

Studies have found that CBD in cells is effective in inhibiting the production of estrogen by limiting an enzyme called aromatase, which produces it from testosterone. Aromatase inhibitors are utilized for decreasing estrogen production in women post menopause and those who have breast cancer.

newborn
Photo by Christian Bowen via Unsplash

Another study has revealed that CBD is useful in helping the body metabolize estrogen by increasing cytochrome p450 enzymes which help to break it down.

These studies point to the anti-estrogenic abilities of cannabidiol, which are helpful for women who struggle with hormone-related fertility, ovulation, and health problems.

Conclusion

The human endocannabinoid system helps to maintain balance in many important biological processes. These include fertility, stress, mood, and immunity among others. The endocannabinoid system also affects the endocannabinoid system, which is why the use of CBD and cannabis products can help provide stability for hormonal imbalances.

While there are few studies so far analyzing the effects of cannabis products and women’s ovulation, the current findings are promising. This is especially true because women often have to resort to painful and invasive treatments to manage hormonal imbalances, and problems affecting fertility and ovulation.

For women who are keen to explore the use of CBD and cannabis for treating ovulation and fertility issues, make sure to do as much research as possible on your own. It’s also advisable to speak to a fertility specialist or your gynecologist, preferably one who already has experience using cannabis or CBD products. These come in a wide range of forms and products, some of which may be more suitable than others for your specific needs.

This article originally appeared on Cannabis.net and has been reposted with permission.

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